Pay transparency laws (laws requiring employers to disclose compensation ranges to applicants) are spreading like wildfire across the US. Regulators are hoping such laws eliminate pay differentials based on gender or race. Putting good intentions aside, the laws are a source of huge consternation for businesses as the state and local requirements vary greatly in terms of what must be disclosed to whom and at what point in the hiring process.

In this Quick Chat video, our Labor & Employment lawyers discuss key developments in New York City, California, Colorado, Washington and several other jurisdictions. Liz, Paul and Di are all in the weeds helping multistate and multinational businesses develop consistent and compliant compensation plans and recruitment policies, and they share their advice here.

Click here to watch the video.


New York City employers can breathe a short sigh of relief. On May 12, 2022, New York City Mayor Eric Adams signed a bill into law amending New York City’s pay transparency law (Local Law 32 for 2022, which we previously blogged about here, here, here and here), postponing the law’s original May 15, 2022 effective date to November 1, 2022. The law will require NYC employers with four or more employees to disclose in job postings – including those for promotion or transfer opportunities – the minimum and maximum salary offered for any position located within New York City. Despite the delay of the effective date, employers should prepare so they can comply by November 1, 2022.

As we previously reported, the law (as amended):

  • Requires employers to provide the minimum and maximum salary for any position located within New York City. This range may extend from the lowest to the highest salary that the employer in good faith believes at the time of the posting it would pay for the advertised job, promotion or transfer opportunity.
  • Covers all employers that have four or more employees (or one or more domestic workers). Owners and individual employers count towards the four employees. The four employees do not need to work in the same location, and they do not need to all work in New York City. As long as one of the employees works in New York City, the workplace is covered.
  • Does not apply to positions that cannot or will not be performed in New York City.
  • Applies to employees who are paid hourly or through an annual salary.
  • Limits lawsuits based on the law to lawsuits brought by individuals who are current employees bringing an action against their employer for advertising a job, promotion or transfer without posting a minimum and maximum hourly wage or annual salary.
  • Provides that there is no monetary penalty for the first violation of the law, and that employers will have 30 days to correct the violation.

The New York City Commission on Human Rights (NYCCHR) released a Fact Sheet in March providing details on employers’ obligations under the law. Employers should keep an eye out for an updated Fact Sheet addressing the amended law. In addition, the NYCCHR is authorized to promulgate rules to implement the new bill, so employers should also keep an eye out for the anticipated rules as well.

The uptick in pay transparency laws across the US

With the current focus on equal pay for equal work, New York City’s pay transparency law is just another in a nationwide trend imposing pay transparency requirements on employers, including wage range disclosure obligations. However, the laws vary regarding where, when, how and to whom required disclosures must be made. For instance:

  • California requires employers to provide job applicants with the salary or hourly wage ranges for positions upon the applicant’s reasonable request, provided the applicant has completed an initial interview with the employer. (Effective January 1, 2018)
  • Colorado requires employers disclose the pay, or pay range, of a position in the job posting itself, along with a description of incentive compensation and benefits. (Effective January 1, 2021)
  • Washington’s recent amendment to its Equal Pay and Opportunity Act (see our blog, here)–similar to Colorado–requires disclosure of wage, salary and benefit information in job postings. However, it leaves unchanged a prior requirement that employers provide the same information to employees offered new positions or promotions within the company only when requested. (Effective January 1, 2023)

Multistate employers should consult with Baker McKenzie employment attorneys for strategies to address the varying requirements across jurisdictions. And for New York City employers navigating New York City’s new pay transparency law, reach out to your Baker McKenzie employment attorney for assistance.

Nondisparagement clauses have long been a staple in settlement agreements between employers and employees as a way to discourage disgruntled employees from debasing the company after they have departed. Nondisparagement clauses often require employees to refrain from saying anything negative about their former employer at all. But employers should keep a few things in mind to ensure that the use of a nondisparagement clause does not create additional risk for the company.

  1. Keep an Eye Out for Activity by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

The NLRB has signaled it may revisit current Board precedent holding nondisparagement agreements in employee settlement agreements are legal-meaning employers should watch out for Board action or decisions reverting to restrictions on nondisparagement agreements. On August 12, 2021, in her first memo as NLRB General Counsel, Jennifer Abruzzo issued a Mandatory Submissions to Advice Memorandum, setting forth that NLRB Regional Directors, Officers-in-Charge, and Resident Officers must submit certain types of cases to the NLRB Division of Advice (“Advice”) (which, in addition to other duties, provides guidance to the NLRB’s Regional Offices regarding difficult and novel issues arising in the processing of unfair labor practice charges).

Abruzzo identified 11 areas of Board case law involving doctrinal shifts from previous Board precedent that the Board, through submissions to Advice, would be examining-including “cases finding that separation agreements that contain…nondisparagement clauses…lawful.”

Abruzzo highlighted cases involving the applicability of Baylor University Medical Center, 369 NLRB No. 43 (2020), overruling Clark Distribution Systems, 336 NLRB 747 (2001), and International Game Technology, 370 NLRB No. 50 (2020) to be submitted to Advice for review.

Before it was overruled, Clark Distribution Systems stated that a provision in the confidentiality clause of a severance agreement prohibiting the employee from voluntarily appearing as a witness, voluntarily providing documents or information, or otherwise assisting in the prosecution of any claims against the company unlawfully chilled the employees’ Section 7 rights under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)(which guarantees employees “the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection,” as well as the right “to refrain from any or all such activities.”)

The provisions at issue in the severance agreements in Baylor University Medical Center included a “No Participation in Claims” provision in which the departing employee agreed not to assist or participate in any claim brought by a third party against Baylor (unless compelled by law to do so), and a “Confidentiality” provision in which the employee agreed to keep confidential any of Baylor’s confidential information made known to the employee during their employment. The complainants alleged that by offering the severance agreements with these provisions, Baylor violated Section 8(a)(1) of the NLRA (which makes it an unfair labor practice for an employer “to interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees in the exercise of the rights guaranteed in Section 7” of the Act). The Board disagreed, in part because the severance agreement only pertained to postemployment activities having no impact on terms and conditions of employment. The Board also found that Baylor’s mere offer of the separation agreement was not coercive or otherwise unlawful, and that there was no sign that the agreement was offered under circumstances that would tend to infringe on the separating employees’ exercise of their own or their co-workers’ Section 7 rights.

International Game Technology (IGT) applied Baylor to a separation agreement with a nondisparagement clause,  finding in that case that the severance agreement at issue was entirely voluntary, did not affect pay or benefits that were established as terms of employment, and was not offered coercively-and the nondisparagement provision did not tend to interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees in the exercise of their Section 7 rights under the Act.

What to do?

What should employers do now given the NLRB review of cases applying Baylor and International Game Technology to ensure they don’t run afoul of the NLRA when using nondisparagement clauses in settlement agreements with employees? Employers should:

  • Keep an eye out for changes in the law stemming from the NLRB’s review of cases applying Baylor and International Game Technology.
  • Use precise language to make it clear that a nondisparagement clause only applies at the time of and after termination, to avoid claims that the terms of the clause interfere with an employee’s Section 7 rights under the NLRA.
  • Consult with counsel regarding the possibility of using a savings clause stating that the severance agreement, and specifically the nondisparagement clause, are not intended to prevent the employee from engaging in protected activity under the NLRA.

Continue Reading “If You Can’t Say Anything Nice…” Keep These Tips in Mind When Using Nondisparagement Clauses in Settlement Agreements with Employees

 With special thanks to our colleagues in Canada, William Watson and Dave Bushuev.

In December 2021, the Ontario government passed Bill 27 – Working for Workers Act, 2021 requiring employers with 25 or more employees to create a “Disconnecting from Work Policy” by June 2, 2022. The Ontario government is following the lead of France, Spain and Portugal — all of which have adopted similar legislation in recent years.

In this In Focus video, our Canadian Labor and Employment lawyers share key considerations and important timelines for employers to know as they develop Disconnect policies for their workplaces.

Click here to watch the video.



New York City employers are one step closer to learning the effective date of New York City’s pay transparency law (Local Law 32 for 2022, the “Salary Disclosure Law”). As we blogged about here, the Salary Disclosure Law will have its original May 15, 2022 effective date postponed to November 1, 2022 if New York City Mayor Eric Adams signs a bill amending the law. Now, the mayor has scheduled a hearing on the amendments for May 12, 2022, according to the New York City Council’s legislative site. Stay tuned for further developments on the Salary Disclosure Law, and contact your Baker McKenzie employment attorney for help with your employment needs.

Many thanks to Marredia Crawford (Director, Inclusion & Diversity, Americas) for sharing this invitation. 

Please join us on Wednesday, June 8, 2022 as we host a virtual program to commemorate Juneteenth. We are delighted to welcome Dr. Fredera Hadley, a historian and Professor of Ethnomusicology at the Julliard School for this exciting program.

Dr. Hadley will lead us on an impactful journey, discussing the history of Juneteenth and the impact of African American culture on multiple genres of music. Participants will share in the music, culture and a specially curated musical playlist developed by Dr. Hadley for Juneteenth.

Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19th that the Union soldiers landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and the enslaved were now free.

Welcome and introduction by Colin Murray, Baker’s North America Chief Executive Officer.

Wednesday, June 8, 2022

1 pm – 2 pm ET
12 pm – 1 pm CT
10 am – 11 am PT

Click here to register now.


Fredara Mareva Hadley, Ph.D. is an ethnomusicology professor in the Music History Department at The Juilliard School where she teaches courses on ethnomusicology and African American Music. Dr. Hadley has presented her research at universities and conferences both domestic and abroad and has been published in academic journals and other publications. Her commentary is featured in several documentaries including the recently released PBS doc-series, The Black Church.

Dr. Hadley’s current book projects include her forthcoming book, that centers the musical ecosystems of Historically Black Colleges and Universities and their impact on Black and American music. Her other book project is an edited volume about Aretha Franklin for Cambridge University Press.


Taryn Brown is an Associate in the Firm’s North America Corporate & Securities Practice Group in our Washington, DC office. Taryn has extensive experience in transactional, corporate governance, financial restructuring, and securities law matters. She advices and counsels clients on a wide variety of legal matters. Taryn focuses her practice on advising on mergers and acquisitions transactions, including leveraged buy-outs, dispositions, carve-outs and asset manager transactions.  She also advises public and private clients in a wide variety of corporate matters, including public and private offerings of debt and equity securities, securities law compliance and disclosure issues, financial restructurings, corporate governance matters and the negotiation of commercial contracts.

With special thanks to our colleagues in Mexico: Javiera Medina-RezaLiliana Hernandez-Salgado and Salvador Pasquel-Villegas.

In May, employers in Mexico will encounter new rules regarding compulsory company profit sharing entitlements for employees. This labor reform requires the immediate attention of companies doing business in Mexico.

In this video, Baker McKenzie’s Labor and Employment partners share important insights on the new regulations, including:

  • How to calculate profit sharing amounts
  • Understanding maximum allotments
  • Applicable payment timelines
  • Possible consequences for companies failing to comply

Click here to watch the video.

New York City’s salary transparency law (Local Law 32 for 2022, the “Salary Disclosure Law,” which we previously blogged about here and here)–originally set to take effect on May 15, 2022–could now take effect November 1, 2022 if a new bill is signed into law by New York City Mayor Eric Adams. On April 28, 2022, the New York City Council voted to approve a bill amending the Salary Disclosure Law by:

  • Clarifying that the law applies to employees who are paid hourly or through an annual salary;
  • Emphasizing that the law does not apply to positions that cannot or will not be performed in New York City;
  • Limiting lawsuits based on the law to lawsuits brought by individuals who are current employees bringing an action against their employer for advertising a job, promotion or transfer without posting a minimum and maximum hourly wage or annual salary;
  • Stating there is no monetary penalty for the first violation of the law, and that employers will have 30 days to correct the violation; and
  • Changing the effective date of the law to November 1, 2022.

Businesses have rallied against the law on several fronts, including lobbying for a restriction on the companies subject to the law, for general “help wanted” notices that an employer is hiring without reference to any particular position to be excluded from the law’s requirements, and seeking full exemptions for companies with fewer than 15 employees. However, none of these were included in the version of the amendment passed on April 28. Stay tuned for any updates on the Salary Disclosure Law, and contact your Baker McKenzie employment attorney for all of your employment needs.

On March 24, 2022, Governor Jay Inslee signed into law Engrossed Substitute House Bill 1795, also known as the Silenced No More Act, which expands worker protection in Washington State. More specifically, it prohibits employers from requiring or requesting that workers sign agreements containing nondisclosure or non-disparagement provisions restricting their right to discuss factual information regarding illegal discrimination, harassment, sexual assault, retaliation, wage and hour violations, or any other conduct “that is recognized as against a clear mandate of public policy.”  Washington State’s Silenced No More Act will go into effect on June 9, 2022.

While other states such as California, New York, and Illinois have enacted similar NDA-narrowing laws covering different forms of employment discrimination, Washington’s new law is arguably the most restrictive. For instance, New York, California, and Illinois prohibit nondisclosure provisions related to unlawful discrimination in settlement agreements unless an employee wants such confidentiality. Washington State, however, takes it a step further by barring confidentiality clauses even if requested by the employee (as defined by the Act). As another example, New York law still permits nondisclosure clauses in pre-employment and severance agreements, but Washington’s law applies broadly to any agreement between the employer and “employee” as defined in the Act, including independent contractors not typically protected by EEO laws.

While Washington is the most recent state to pass a law on this subject, it may not be the last. The movement to prohibit secrecy covenants is gaining traction as workers’ advocates push for legislation at both the state and federal level banning the use of such covenants.

Prohibited Agreements

The newly-added section to Chapter 49.44 of the Revised Code of Washington provides that “a provision in an agreement between an employer and employee not to disclose or discuss conduct, or the existence of a settlement involving conduct, that the employee reasonably believed to be illegal discrimination, illegal harassment, illegal retaliation, a wage and hour violation, sexual assault, or against a clear mandate of public policy is void and unenforceable.” The Act broadly defines “employee” to include current, former, and prospective employees, as well as independent contractors; and encompasses all work-related conduct, whether occurring in the workplace or off-site.

Continue Reading Washington State Takes Aim At Workplace NDAs Under Its Silenced No More Act

Join us for a four-part webinar series as our US moderators welcome colleagues from around the globe to share the latest labor and employment law updates and trends. US-based multinational employers with business operations in Europe, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific regions will hear directly from local practitioners on the major developments they need to know, and come away with practical tips and takeaways to implement.

In each 60-minute discussion, we will explore:

  • The impact of the current social and political climate on multinational employers
  • New significant legislative developments
  • Inclusion and diversity (I&D) advancements and trends
  • Best practices for a flexible workforce, addressing remote and hybrid work

We look forward to welcoming you at the sessions relevant to your business — no passport necessary!

To view the complete roster of presenters for each regional program, click here.

France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK
Wednesday, June 1, 2022
9 am PT/ 12 pm ET
Click here to register.

Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia and Mexico
Wednesday, June 8, 2022
9 am PT/ 12 pm ET
Click here to register.

Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey and the UAE
Wednesday, June 15, 2022
9 am PT/ 12 pm ET
Click here to register.

Australia, China, Japan, the Philippines and Singapore
Wednesday, June 22, 2022
3 pm PT/ 6 pm ET
Click here to register.

To view these programs in a different time zone, click here.
Please “register” for a copy of the recording and materials if you are unable to attend live.

CLE Accreditation

Each program is approved for 1.0 general California CLE credit, 1.0 general Illinois CLE credit, 1.0 areas of professional practice New York CLE credit, and 1.0 general Texas CLE credit. Participants requesting CLE for other states will receive Uniform CLE Certificates. Baker & McKenzie LLP is a California and Illinois CLE approved provider. Baker & McKenzie LLP has been certified by the New York State CLE Board as an accredited provider in the state of New York. This program is appropriate for both experienced and newly admitted New York attorneys. Baker & McKenzie LLP is an accredited sponsor, approved by the State Bar of Texas, Committee on MCLE.

Each 1-hour activity can be applied towards the 9 Substantive Hours of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) required by the Law Society of Ontario.

**While CLE credit may be pre-approved in certain jurisdictions, final CLE accreditation approval is anticipated, but not guaranteed.